Farrier or ferrier? Which is correct?

I’ve always referred to the person who shod my horse as a “farrier” but over the years, I’ve seen several people write it as “ferrier.” At first, I thought it was an error. But, thinking like my grandfather (who had the largest dictionary I’ve ever seen in his office so you could check the etymology of words), I did a little research.

Photo from http://www.americanfarriers.com

It turns out that farrier (which is the current preferred English usage) evolved from the Middle French word “ferrier“, which meant blacksmith (back then, iron workers and blacksmiths were one and the same). Ferrier, in turn, evolved from the Latin word ferrarius which means “of iron”, which is from the Latin ferrum, “iron”.

Other spellings throughout the centuries have included ferrer and ferrour.



7 thoughts on “Farrier or ferrier? Which is correct?

  1. That’s good to know. I’ve always used “farrier” and I get ferrier mixed up with ferryman, as in someone who pilots a ferry over the water. I am surprised, though, how many people I run into who don’t know what I’m talking about when I mention my farrier. I always have to clarify by saying horseshoer. It’s all good though. Thanks for the word origin.

  2. My grandfather had a true love of words and was always looking up the origins of words or phrases. It makes me think of him when I carry on the tradition.

    1. Actually, farriers shoe a horse. According to my etymology listing:
      “one who shoes horses,” from Middle French ferrier “blacksmith,” from Latin ferrarius “blacksmith,” noun use of adjective meaning “of iron,” from ferrum “iron” (in Medieval Latin, also “horseshoe”); see ferro-.

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